Connect-Ability Logo Return to Connect-Ability Website

Community Rehabilitation Providers
for Youth In Transition
and Adults with Disabilities
Connect-Ability Logo
Glossary
  Career Exploration: The process of finding a rewarding career path, as well as specific jobs within a particular career path.

IL Skills Assessment: The evaluation of a person’s necessary daily living skills to allow for independent functioning in a variety of environments (home, school, work, and community) to the exploration of personal strengths and weaknesses, and areas of career interest.

IL Skills Training: Purpose is to maximize the leadership, empowerment, independence, and productivity of individuals with disabilities and to integrate these individuals into the mainstream of society.

Job Coaching: Person hired by a rehabilitation agency or program who assists an employee with a disability in learning and performing a job and adjusting to the work environment.

Job Placement: Locating employment opportunities that are consistent with an individual’s training and abilities.

Mobility Training: Orientation and mobility training which is specific to the blind and visually impaired.

Occupational Therapy: (OT) Is needed if a patient has suffered an injury or illness which has affected perceptual motor skills or the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL), such as dressing, bathing, toileting, eating or meal preparation. The occupational therapy program may consist of evaluation, ADL training, adaptive equipment recommendations, to maximize potential in perceptual motor and daily activity skills. Typically, this service is considered skilled care.

Physical Therapy: (PT) is needed if a patient has suffered an injury or illness which has affected motor skills or function. The physical therapy program may consist of evaluation, therapeutic exercises, gait training, adaptive equipment recommendations, massage, heat, cold or electrical treatments, all geared toward helping the patient attain his/her maximum functional motor potential. Typically, this service is considered skilled care.

Recreation/Leisure Training: The recreation/leisure term could be clarified as Community experience training. I am a little unsure though if that is a term used specifically with persons who don’t have any employment goals related goals. It may very well be left as it is.

Sheltered Employment: A service which provides supervised, guided remunerative employment for an individual whose current assessment indicates employment in a sheltered setting representing the individual’s maximum level of vocational functioning. This service may involve the development of social, personal, and work-related skills based on an individualized customer rehabilitation/habilitation plan. Vocational rehabilitation cannot claim a successful closure for "non-integrated" work in a sheltered employment facility.

Situational Assessment: A systematic observation process for evaluating work-related behaviors in a controlled work environment. A variety of real work tasks are most often used in order to assess an individual’s ability to meet the demands of a realistic work situation and the requirements of specific job tasks. Work evaluation/situational assessment focuses upon the application of behaviors that probably will not appear in standardized testing situations. The service makes minimal use of paper and pencil assessment techniques and emphasizes work adaptability and tolerance, work performance (quality and quantity of work completed), work behaviors (attendance, punctuality, concentration, interpersonal skills), work aptitudes, interests and skills, and other work-related capabilities that reveal employment or training objectives.

Social Skills Training: The skills, traits, work habits, and attitudes that all workers across all occupations must have in order to obtain, maintain, and progress in employment. These include being dependable, responsible, punctual, adaptable, honest, honorable, well-mannered, positive toward work, and appropriately dressed/groomed. Soft skills also refer to such attributes as ability to get along with others, work in teams, attend to tasks, work independently, and provide excellent customer service, both within the company and externally.

Transition: The period of time when adolescents are moving into adulthood and are often concerned with planning for postsecondary education or careers. In the workforce environment it usually encompasses ages 14 to 25.

Transportation: Travel and related expenses necessary to enable an applicant or eligible individual to participate in a vocational rehabilitation service, including expenses for training in the use of public transportation vehicles and systems.

Transportation Training: Transportation training is not just for people who have vision problems. It is training on how to use transportation, usually public transportation, and is often written into an IEP for students to learn how to take a bus, for example, or to learn how to schedule paratransit transportation, etc.

Work Enclave: Enclave Model - A small group of people with disabilities (generally 5-8) is trained and supervised among employees who are not disabled at the host company’s work site. Persons in the enclave work as a team at a single work site in a community business or industry. Initial training, supervision, and support are provided by a specially trained on-site supervisor, who may work for the host company or the placement agency. Another variation of the enclave approach is called the "dispersed enclave." This model is used in service industries (e.g., universities, restaurants, and hotels). Each person works on a separate job, and the group is dispersed throughout the company.